Bitcoin vs. CBDC: An Interesting Comparison

bitcoin vs cbdc

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The difference between Bitcoin and CBDC is crucial in the modern digital environment. Simply put, Bitcoin is a digital asset, whereas CBDC is the digital equivalent of fiat cash. We’ll look at an interesting comparison between the two of them in this article.

Financially, the world is moving toward greater digitalization. We must therefore understand the distinctions between the various online financial sources available, particularly between Bitcoin and CBDC, if we are all to succeed financially.

Recently, Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) and Bitcoin have attracted a lot of interest. Let’s explore their similarities and differences to determine which is best for you.

What is Bitcoin?

Cryptocurrency, such as Bitcoin (BTC), is a form of digital money. It serves as money and a method of payment and is virtual. Money alone isn’t everything. Instead, think of it; as a digital asset; that you can also utilize for investing.

Its functionality; is designed to be independent of any person’s ability to modify it. In opposition to this, a public ledger contains a record of each Bitcoin transaction, and numerous users on the Bitcoin ledger have verified it.

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What is Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)?

A CBDC is simply the fiat money in digital form. You can think of it as digital fiat. Most fiat transactions nowadays are digital. As a result, that may make you wonder how CBDC is any different; than what we do with our money right now.

However, the usage of fiat currency is a combination of physical cash and online transactions. The same wouldn’t be true for CBDCs since they will entirely be digital. Additionally, this implies that the government will have far more influence over them.
Despite being digital like Bitcoin, a CBDC shares none of the principles of cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin is trustless, decentralized, and permissionless. CBDC is not.

That said, let’s dive a little deeper into some more significant differences between Bitcoin and CBDC.

Further reading: Central Bank Digital Currencies: All You Need To Know

Bitcoin vs CBDC: Understanding the Important Differences

The most well-known cryptocurrency is bitcoin. The first decentralized digital asset to achieve such wide acceptance is this one. Bitcoin is the dominant cryptocurrency in the world.

There is a good reason for all of this. The function of Bitcoin and the principles it was built upon make it appealing. This explains why, in spite of the presence of other alternative cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin is still used worldwide.
When it comes to the future of finance, Bitcoin gave people their first glance at what it could be like.

The government nowadays is seeking to match these benefits with CBDCs. But fundamental distinctions between the two technologies, such as the ones mentioned below, always will exist.

1) Anonymity

Unlike CBDCs, Bitcoin assets; are not issued and stored centrally. Therefore means that with CBDC, you don’t get to remain anonymous.

Since CBDC serves as a substitute for cash, all of your information is shown next to your CBDC asset. Your information will be made available to the central bank when you transmit and receive CBDC.

Contrary to this, Bitcoin transactions keep your identity hidden, but the transactions you make are available to the public for added security.

2) Speed

The speed of Bitcoin transactions is usually faster than traditional bank transfers. With CBDC, central banks or authorities will take several days to clear the transactions. Users of Bitcoin complete transactions rather rapidly on the public ledger.

Someone in the Bitcoin database receives their payment within minutes if you send it to them.

3) Cross-Border Payments

CBDCs can help with cross-border payments effectively. However, different countries require different legal and regulatory frameworks. As a result of having to comply with regulations, moving money internationally; is much more challenging.

The same doesn’t hold for Bitcoin. You can send and receive money anywhere; in the world without worrying about additional regulations. Your digital assets are yours to send wherever you want.

4) Transaction Charges

Bitcoin transactions typically include minimal or no fees. It would be contrary to CBDC.

The fees for CBDC might be the same as the expensive transaction fees we now pay with our fiat money.

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5) Freedom of Choice

Bitcoin is not under the control of any government. It means that; if you own Bitcoins, you can directly access them from any location at any time. Furthermore the payment transactions are possible using wallet addresses, and your cryptocurrencies; are protected by encryption and cryptography.

It also implies that you are not required to disclose personal information to access or use your digital money. Therefore, compared to CBDC, Bitcoin offers you more flexibility in terms of how you decide to keep and use your digital assets. A CBDC, on the other hand, will have the central bank or government heavily involved and impose strict rules for citizens to follow when managing and utilizing their own funds.

6) Use Cases

CBDC has limited usage. You can only use CBDCs for payments and other financial transactions.

On the other hand, Bitcoin is a diverse digital asset. You can use it for payments as well as investing and speculation.

7) Scalability-wise

Compared to cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, CBDCs might be able to scale a little bit better. They approach databases greatly, because they are built on credentials, although testing hasn’t been done on them yet.
CBDC is not yet accepted internationally, and therefore only time will tell if it can scale up there.

8) Illegal Activity

The fact that CBDCs would be digital and not anonymous may help to decrease illegal activity and allow for surveillance. A central bank can use encryption to follow the money to a specific area. Both criminal activity and; illegal transactions would be reduced as a result.

That is challenging since Bitcoin has such a high level of privacy.

9) Security

Bitcoin is a lot safer and more secure than CBDCs. On a public ledger, every transaction is recorded. Anyone engaging with bad intentions would be recognized very quickly.

Since you are not anonymous with CBDC, scammers can hack and utilize your financial information illegally.

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Bitcoin vs CBDC: The Road Ahead

In comparing Bitcoin to CBDC, it’s critical; to understand that its popularity is not without cause. It comes with several benefits.

Because Bitcoin is a decentralized cryptocurrency, many people have doubts. The fact that Bitcoin was unrelated to anything and was not managed; by a bank or other centralized authority; was taken as a warning flag.
But as experience has proven, Bitcoin has several layers of security built in because of blockchain technology. What makes it secure is the community.

Even the original creator and supreme authority, Satoshi Nakamoto, had no desire to keep holding that position. Instead, he wanted to create a system that was fair to everyone and free. He was, therefore, able to launch a virtual coin.

If you enjoyed this article on Bitcoin vs. CBDC: An Interesting Comparison has any questions for me, please feel free to leave them in the comment section below!

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    Giovana Vega

    Best Seller Author, Award Winner, Trader & Investor Blogger

    I’m Giovana currently living in Amsterdam, I used to work in big corporate firms in the finance sector. I quit my job after working more than a decade and started the path as a trader, investor and blogger. End  your search now and grow your financial knowledge with my book “Trading for Success: 8 secrets why women are better forex traders”. If there is an opportunity and adventure, count me in. 

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